On Kartik Shukla Shashthi, Chhath Puja, also termed as Sun Shashthi, is observed. This event takes place six days after Diwali and is mostly observed in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Jharkhand. Worshipping the Sun God and Chhathi Maiya on Chhath Puja will bring you prosperity, money, and contentment. Chhath Pooja has taken on a new meaning as a folk event in recent years. That’s why the holiday is marked by a lot of grandeur.
There is indeed a ceremony to offer arghya and worship Surya Bhagwan and Chhathi Maiya during Chhath Puja. Chhath is a well-known festival that has been observed in India since the Vedic era. Because it commemorates the important fast of Shashthi Tithi, this holiday is known as Chhath. Vratdhari observes a 36-hour fast during this time. They don’t even drink water throughout this period.
- 1 Chhath Puja 2021 Date
- 2 Festivities of Chhath Puja 2021
- 3 Arghya Vidhi for Chhath Puja
- 4 Chhath Puja 2021 Status and Wishes
Chhath Puja 2021 Date
Chhath Puja 2021 date is on Wednesday, November 10, 2021. The Sunrise on Chhath Puja day will be at 06:40 AM. Sunset on Chhath Puja day will be at 05:30 PM. Shashthi Tithi begins at 10:35 AM on Nov 09, 2021, and Shashthi Tithi ends by 08:25 AM on Nov 10, 2021.
Chhath Puja and Chhathi Maiya’s Significance
During the Chhath Puja, the Sun God is honoured. The sun is the only deity that everyone can see, and it is the source of life for all living creatures on Earth. Chhathi Maiya is honoured alongside the Sun God on this day. According to Vedic Astrology, Chhathi Maiya or Chhathi Mata protects and nourishes the progeny.
Shashthi Devi has also been referred to as Manas Daughter of Brahma ji in Hinduism. She is said to be the mother Katyayani, who is venerated on Navratri on the Shashti date, according to the Puranas. In the Bihar-Jharkhand dialect, Shashthi Devi is known as Chhathi Maiya.
Festivities of Chhath Puja 2021
In India, the Hindu holiday of Chhath Puja is observed. In India, Chhath Puja is a four-day traditional festival. Beginning with Kartik Shukla Chaturthi and finishing with Kartik Shukla Saptami, the festival lasts four days.
- First Day: Nahaye Khaye (November 8th, 2021)
Date: Karthik Shukla Chaturthi
Nahay-Khay is the name given to the first day of the Chhath festival. Firstly, the residence is cleansed and consecrated on this day. After that, the Vratis bath in pure water at their nearby river or pond. Vratis only eats once on this particular day. During this fast, fried foods are strictly prohibited. Bronze or clay implements are used to cook this delicacy.
- Second Day: Lohanda or Kharna (November 9th, 2021)
Date: Karthik Shukla Panchami
The Kharna or Lohanda day is the second day of the Chhath celebration. Vratis fasts for the entire day, refusing to drink even a bit of water before dusk. Rice pudding is made with jaggery and sugarcane juice in the evening.
Kheer-roti is served as prasad to all family members, friends, and relatives. The entire procedure is known as kharna. After that, the Vratis do a 36-hour Nirjala fast. Vrati prepares Thekua dish as a sacred offering for fasting worship in the midst of the night.
- Third Day: Sandhya Arghya (November 10th, 2021)
Date: Karthik Shukla Shashthi
The Sandhya Arghya is the third day of the Chhath celebration. All members of the family get ready for worship during the day. For Chhath Puja, unique offerings like Thekua and Rice laddus are prepared. For Chhath Puja, the pujari places the fruits of the ceremonies in a bamboo basket called Daura, which is then laid in Devakari.
After performing pooja there, devotees take the coconut in a soop, five kinds of fruits, and other things of worship in Daura, and the men of the house take the Daura with their hands to Chhath Ghat in the evening. Purity is prioritised throughout this celebration. Throughout the festival, women frequently visit the ghat to perform Chhath Maiya songs.
A chaura of Chhath Mata is built on the riverbanks, and coconut is placed on top of it, together with all the articles of worship, and the lamps are ignited. Vratis stands in water up to his knees shortly before dusk, taking the entire worship materials, and presents arghya to the drowning Surya Bhagwan. Shashthi Devi hymns are chanted at night after the Sun God is worshipped, and the Vrat Katha is recited.
- Fourth Day: Arghya Usha (November 11th, 2021)
Date: Karthik Shukla
On the fourth day, the last day, Saptami Arghya is presented to the rising Surya. The Vrati-Jana arrives at the ghat with all of his family members before daybreak to honour Surya Bhagwan.
The food served at Sandhya Arghya have been replaced with new ones, but the fruits have not changed. The regulations and restrictions are followed exactly as they are for the nighttime arghya. Puja Archana is the ghat’s post-completion ceremony of worship.
Following that, serenity is sought through the seeking of protection of the child from Chhathi Maiya and the contentment of the whole family. Worshippers consume sharbat and raw milk the following prayer and consume a small amount of prasad to break their fasting, which is known as Paran or Parana.
Vidhi for Chhath Puja
Well before Chhath puja, gather all the samagri and present an arghya to the Sun God:
- Three huge bamboo baskets, three bamboo or brass soop, a dish, milk, and glass
- Rice, vermilion, lamps, coconut, turmeric, sugarcane, suthani, veggies, and sweet potato
- Pears, large lemons, honey, paan, camphor, sandalwood, and desserts
- For Prasad, gather Thekua, kheer-puri, malpua, semolina pudding, rice ladoos
Arghya Vidhi for Chhath Puja
In the bamboo basket, place the aforesaid Chhath puja samagri. Place the entire prasad in the soop and light the lamps there. The ladies then stand in knee-deep water, holding traditional soops, to offer an arghya to the sun.
Legend of Chhath Puja
Chhath Puja has a legend associated with it. On the Chhath celebration, which is also referenced in the Brahma Vaivarta Purana, the Chhathi Maiya is worshipped. According to tradition, Manu Swayambhu’s son, King Priyavrat, had no children. He used to feel depressed as a result of all this. Maharishi Kashyap requested that he perform a yajna. He did a yajna for a child as per Maharishi’s directions. Following this, Queen Malini gave birth to a male child, but he died shortly after birth. After this, King and his family were devastated. Only then did a vessel appear in the sky, which was occupied by Mata Shashthi.
When the king bowed to her, she revealed herself, saying, “I am Lord Brahma’s Manas daughter, Shashthi Devi.” I guard all of the world’s kids and bestow the joys of childhood to all childless couples.
Goddess then touched the motionless kid with her palms, bringing him back to life. The king was overjoyed by the goddess’s grace and revered her as Shashthi Devi. This festival is said to be conducted all over the world after this ceremony.
Chhath Puja’s Cultural and Religious Importance
Chhath Puja is a spiritually and culturally significant festival. It’s the only event where the Sun God is honoured and an arghya is presented. The Hindu religion places a high value on the worshipping of the sun. The Sun God is referred to in the Vedas as the world’s soul. The sun’s light has the capacity to kill a range of illnesses.
The person gains health, prosperity, and consciousness as a result of the sun’s fortunate effect. The sun is supposed to be an element of the soul, parent, ancestor, and esteem in Vedic astrology. On the Chhath Puja, a person, children, joy, and yearning are accomplished via devotion to the Sun god and Shashti Maiya. The festival’s key cultural aspect is the modesty of tradition, as well as a passion for purity and the environment.
Chhath Puja Song
The ladies sing many Chhath Puja Songs during the festivities. Some of them are
Maar Bore Sugwa Dhanush, Kelwa Ke Paat Per Uge Lan Suraj Dev, He Chhathi Maiya, Kaanch Hi Baans Ke Bahangiya, and Uthau Suraj Bhail Bihan.
Chhath Puja 2021 Status and Wishes
You can convey your greetings via Chhath Puja Status, Facebook posts, or Whatsapp during this holy occasion. From the list below, select the best Chhath puja status and Chhath puja wishes.
- May this Chhath Puja usher in a new era of life, prosperity, and glory for you, and may your wishes on this day be blessed by the Sun God and fulfilled.
- The sun gave birth to all that exists. He is both the beginning and the end. This Chhath Puja 2021, may the Sun God bless you!
- May this Chhath Puja shower you with blessings and joy. May all of your hopes and dreams come true. And All Evils Have Been Cast Away. Happy Chhath Puja, everyone!
- May this Chhath Puja shower you with blessings and prosperity, and may all of your wishes come true. Happy Chhath Puja!