13th June of every year in India is celebrated as Maharana Pratap Jayanti to mark the birth anniversary of the brave Rajput Pratap Singh, also known as Maharana Pratap, who fought against the Mughal rule in India. It is a regional public holiday in many of the northern states in India like Rajasthan, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, etc.
History behind Maharana Pratap Jayanti:
Born on May 9th, 1540, in Rajasthan, Pratap Singh was the eldest of the 25 sons and was the crown prince of the kingdom of Mewar. His father, Maharana Udai Singh II, decided to leave the capital Chittoor and moved to Gogunda in order to capture the Mughals and take back his land. Due to a power struggle with his brother, Maharana Udai Singh II died in 1572, making Pratap Singh the new king.
Pratap Singh was determined to get his homeland back and denied any peace offering that the Mughal emperor Akbar had offered him. Despite the odds not being in his favor and he was outnumbered by the opposition’s army, Pratap Singh fought till the very end for his people and his homeland and even won one of the battles called “Haldighati”. However, he was not able to get Chitoor back, and he fought until the end using many techniques to protect his honor and his people. However, he succumbed to a hunting injury at the age of 56.
How is it celebrated?
Many special poojas are conducted on Maharana Pratap Jayanti, and the educational institutions conduct debates and special programs to celebrate this day. Some parts of India have parades and religious rites in honor of the brave hero. People of India visit his statue in Udaipur and conduct many religious ceremonies to pay respect to his sacrifice.
This holiday represents more than just a battle, and it is a mark of bravery and determination of the king and the soldiers who lost their lives fighting this battle. Young adults can learn many valuable lessons from this story, such as perception, patriotism, selflessness, and many more!
Maharana Pratap Jayanti Date- 13th June
Also, read about- Narasimha Jayanti