October 3, 2022
National Education Day

National Education Day 2021 India

The Indian society and the Indian education system are built around the importance of education. National Education Day is celebrated to spread awareness about the importance of education in our country. There is even a famous line in India, “padhoge likhoge banoge nawab” which translates to “study and you’ll become a royal/emperor.” 

There are many other instances where anyone can see the importance given to education in India. So, to emphasize this, the HRD Ministry decided to dedicate a day for education on November 11. November 11 is not an ordinary day in itself. One of the most important freedom fighters and intellectuals of our country Maulana Abul Kalam Azad was born on this day. He was one of the most influential people in the education sector of this country.

National Education Day India is celebrated every year with many functions and programs centered around different educational benefits and teaching students innovative learning methods. Abul Kalam Azad was the education minister of India from 1947 to 1958. He is termed a revolutionary in the field of education for India.

HRD Ministry started the National Education Day in 2008 to honor the life of Abul Kalam Azad. The day is celebrated nationwide, but there is no national holiday. The day is celebrated across India, with several programs held across the country. Last year the  Union Education Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal held a virtual event in IIT Bombay to commemorate the day.

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s contributions to the field of education and nation-building were exemplary. He was also the first vice-president of India and served as the education minister from 1947-1958.

When is National Education Day

National Education DayNational Education Day DateNational Education Day Year
Thursday11 November2021
Friday11 November2022
Saturday11 November2023
Monday11 November2024
Tuesday11 November2025
Wednesday11 November2026

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad: and Career

Abul Kalam Azad was born in Mecca, Saudi Arabia, on November 11, 1888. His family shifted to Calcutta when he was two years old. He was also a theologian, an activist, and part of the Indian National Congress. He also became the youngest president of the INC in the year 1923 at the age of thirty-five.

Abul Kalam Azad was a significant figure in the Khilafat Movements launched by Muslims against the Union invasion of the Ottoman Empire and to preserve the powers of the Caliph. He also participated in the Quit India Movement and even stayed in jail for four years. Abul Kalam was never blindly following religious principles and was shocked by people around him who did. 

He was also against the creation of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan and the splitting of India. An exemplary fact about Abul Kalam Azad is that he never received formal education. He learned several languages by himself and made himself quite skilled in mathematics, history, music, politics, and philosophy. 

Maulana Abul Kalam Azad’s Contributions

National Education Day is dedicated to the life of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad, who played a significant role in our independence. In his words, schools are laboratories that produce future citizens of our country. He is the person behind IITs and other institutes. He was a freedom fighter, journalist, and reformer of his time. He was a reformist of his time and pledged to build a nation through education. 

Due to his immense contribution, he was awarded the Bharat Ratna in 1992 after his death, the highest civilian honor in India. Abul Kalam Azad started a weekly publication named ‘Al-Hilal’ to attack the policies of the British and take note of the problems faced by the Indians at that time. He took the initiative to build more universities and better institutions for students to have access to quality education throughout India. 

He was instrumental in the development of India’s educational institutions. On 28 December 1958, he established the Universities Grant Commission.

  • He founded the Sangeet Natak Academy.
  • In 1954, he founded the Sahitya Academy and Lalit Kala Academy.
  • He also established the Indian Institute of Technology.
  • The IISc and School of Architecture and Planning were his ideas.
  • He also helped in the establishment of IISc Bangalore and the faculty at Delhi University
  • He set up the All India Council for Technical Education or AICTE. 

These facts just go on to prove his influence on the betterment of Indian education and the establishment of many Universities and institutions across the state of India.

The state of Education in India:

It’s no surprise that Indians are known for their intellectual prowess across the world. But the Indian education system still requires many reforms. The state of education of any country can be primarily checked by looking at its literacy rate. In this criteria, India is still much behind the rest of the world. 

According to government data, India’s literacy rate is 74.04 percent, with 82.14 percent for males and 65.46 percent for females. India ranks at 168 in terms of literacy rate around the world. Education in India is primarily based on the memorizing capability of the student and his performance in exams. Education in India primarily focuses on mugging up things to get good grades.

The education provided in India is not dynamic but still and is following the same algorithm again and again to achieve the results. Our society focuses on the marks obtained in exams too much and forces a child to memorize things the way they are in the book rather than having practical knowledge of the subject.

 

The focus on theoretical knowledge can’t be ignored in any subject but purely basing all teaching methods on theoretical knowledge rots any country’s education system. There is a need for reform in our country since the conventional methods aren’t helping a lot globally. India has only two colleges in the top 200 colleges/universities of the world.

These facts present a desperate need for reforming of our education system. 

  • Provide better access to higher education. The percentage of students opting for higher education is low in comparison to the number of passouts. 

Hence, this requires the government to work at the national and state levels to develop incentives for students enrolling in higher education. 

  • The universities across India require levels to develop better technology and provide equipment to make the student’s experience much better.

Most of the public universities of India are still using old and outdated technology that acts as a hindrance to the student.

  • Long-term Vision:

The changes that will be made should be with a view of long-term changes in mind. Any reform should not be made in a hurry. The education system requires long-term changes to provide more practical knowledge and experience to the student rather than just focusing on theoretical knowledge.

National Education Day thus provides everyone a chance to look in the system and perceive its problems while coming up with ideas to solve them. 

Newest Schemes for Improving Education in India

The Government of India is quite active in improving the quality of education provided in India. These schemes are Study in India, Stay in India and Internationalization of Education. 

    • The Study in India and Stay in India programs are part of the Study in India Programme which is the flagship project of the Education Ministry, Ministry of External Affairs, and the Ministry of Home Affairs.
    • Ministry of Commerce and Trade has proven significant in its success too.
  • Study in India Programme: It focuses on bringing international students to study in India and improve India’s status in Global Education.
  • This program intends to:
  1. Improve the soft power of India and use this quality in matters of diplomacy.
  2. Increase the number of international students in India.
  3. Increase India’s share in global education exports from 1% to 2%.
  4. This increase will be achieved through increased direct spending, indirect spending and spillover effects.
  5. Improvement of India’s global ranking in education.
  6. Reduce the import-export imbalance of students.
  7. Overall improvement of educational facilities in India to further facilitate an increase

This programme also includes cooperation with foreign universities for better access to international education.  The New Education Policy has also announced that 100 foreign universities will be invited to set up their campuses in India. 

The Study in India is an important program launched by the government which will improve the education facilities of India and increases its ranking in global education. 

How National Education Day is Celebrated Around the Country

National Education Day
National Education Day 2021

2021 National Education Day is a very important day for all schools and universities across India. They often organise different events and competitions to encourage students and teach them about the importance of education. National Education Day is celebrated in many ways around the country:

  1. Competitions in Schools:

Many schools in India have different competitions such as essay-writing competitions, extempore etc. These competitions are a method to teach children about the importance of education and make them aware of about the life of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad. Schoolsensuree sure that children are aware of the benefits of education and the importance of gaining knowledge in their lives.

 

2.Seminars in Universities and Colleges:

The National Education Day is also celebrated in colleges and universities through seminars which are often led by experts, focus on teaching the students new ways to learn. These seminars may often be about motivating the students about their studies and the benefits of learning.

Since, it is a day of education after all, the colleges also try to infuse some learning into fun activities like sports and organizing science exhibitions. 

3.Government Programs:

Every year, the officials at state level and national level conduct their own programs which often include school children. These programs have included some major announcements on government policies.

The government officials present in these events make announcements about scholarships, education funds, reviving universities or even the establishment of some new buildings.

 

4.Charity Events:

The National Education Day is celebrated by many NGOs that significantly help needy children or poor people in our country. These charities hold some events that are meant for people to showcase their talents in their respective fields and get scholarships and financial help for their future.

These events are also filled with important personalities who give speeches on the importance of education or the significance of Abul Kalam Azad in our independence. These events are often accessible to the public, and you can also go to spend some quality time while learning new qualities and watch the excellence of the participants.

The charities also give special rewards and invite speakers from around the country for everyone to enjoy the National Education Day in the way its meant, by learning. Appreciating the greatness of Abul Kalam Azad would be incomplete without taking a look at some of his famous books:

Books authored by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad:

  • India Wins Freedom: This book features the partition of India from the perspective of Maulana Abul Kalam Azad.
  • Ghubar-e-Khatir: This book was written by Maulana Abul Kalam Azad during his stay in the Ahmednagar prison from 1942-1946. It is one of the most important works of him.
  • The Dawn of Hope: This book consists of selected works done by Abul Kalam Azad in his weekly Al-Hilal.

 

The National Education Day is, therefore a very important day for India and dedicated to one of the most influential figures in its history. 

 

National Education Day 2021 will be celebrated with the same joy and dedication as previous years and focus on empowering people across India to gain access to quality education. India’s future lies in its education and Maulana Abul Kalam Azad put more emphasis on this than any other leader. He is considered the architect of modern education in India.

National Education Day is a tribute to the life of an extraordinary man and his legacy. And each year, India thrives to reach new heights in the education sector as a result of his contributions.

Naveen Dagar

Hi, I’m Naveen Dagar. The founder of this blog NationalDay and many others. I’m a full-time blogger, a digital marketer.

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