- 1 When is National Law Day
- 2 National Law Day 2021
- 3 Behind Constitution Day:
- 4 Significance of National Law Day:
- 5 How do People observe National Law Day?
- 6 National Law School 2021:
When is National Law Day
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National Law Day 2021
Law serves the purpose of keeping our society in order. Without its presence, there would be chaos and conflicts that could destroy the doors of peace and prosperity. With change being the constant for any society, the law helps in curbing the change that negatively impacts social interaction. For instance, many societal evils developed with time, but the rules and regulations for imposing punishments for the same led to the discontinuity of the crimes.
2021-National Law Day is one such day to celebrate and embrace our constitution, adopted by the constituent assembly on 26th November 1949. It promotes the importance of equality in a state. Our constitution makes us realize our fundamental duties and makes our country a sovereign republic. The constitution endeavors to encourage fraternity.
On this day, India celebrates National Law Day by organizing various events and functions in schools and colleges, glorifying the struggle behind making the constitution and the significant persons who have devoted themselves to giving this constitution to us. Various essay and quiz competitions are organized, and the students are reading the Preamble. The Department of Higher Education instructs all universities to organize mock parliamentary debates that encourage students to understand the constitution’s working better.
National Law Day 2021 or Samvidhan Diwas will mark the 72nd anniversary of the adoption of our constitution. We teach students all about the revered framers of the constitution and aggravate its present-day importance.
Behind Constitution Day:
National Law Day, also known as the Constitution Day, is celebrated to commemorate the adoption of the Indian Constitution. On 26th November 1949, the Constituent Assembly of India adopted it, after which, on 26th January 1950, it came into force. Dr. B.R. Ambedkar is called after the constitution was the head of the drafting committee. He studied over 60 countries’ constitutions to procure ideas and concepts. That is why Indian Constitution is also called the borrowed constitution. It took 11 months and 18 days to complete the drafting before it was adopted. Amidst the freedom struggle, B R Ambedkar’s tenacity among other freedom fighters made it possible to give us our Constitution.
History Behind World’s Longest Constitution:
India, a land of unity in diversity, has always been a country that thrived on developing over the years. And indeed it did. It has English and Hindi as the official languages declared by the constitution, coupled with the existence of various other languages.
India came under British rule in the mid 19th century. British East India Company annexed and set up the colonial administration as it started to expand in India. Under British Raj, the viceroy was the one heading the administration. The title was later renamed the Governor-General. Prior to the adoption of the India Constitution, the comprehensive laws known as the Government of India Acts, were accumulated in statutes ordered and made by British Parliament.
Significant Changes in British India:
There were two acts that brought significant changes in India through the Government of India Act, 1919 and 1935. The Government of India Act, 1919 brought changes in the demarcation of central and state provinces that were authorized to make their own list of subjects. The provincial subjects were further classified into transferred and reserved matters, which were handled by different authorities. Transferred matters were handled by the Governor and his ministers, while on the other hand, Reserved subjects were taken care of by the Governor and executive council. This enabled Dyarchy to come into force in India for the first time. And the second major change was the introduction of a bicameral Legislature with the Upper House and Lower house.
Afterward, the Government of India Act, 1935 brought changes that were loopholes in the Government of India Act, 1919 and were opposed by the National Congress of India. It included the abolition of the Dyarchy that enabled the provinces to enjoy a level of autonomy. Secondly, the membership of the Provincial administration was called to have more Indian representatives. They gave the Indian Representatives to form parties and could form governments. Lastly, the Government of India Act 1935 introduced the Federal Court in India for the first time.
Making of Constituent Assembly in 1948:
In 1946, a ray of hope for gaining independence arose to the occasion. Consequently, a British Cabinet mission made a few changes that included discussions to reach a consensus on the initiation of the making of the constitution. Subsequently, a constituent assembly was set up. Many organizations were a part of the CA, including the Congress Party as the majority, the Muslim League, the Scheduled Caste Federation, the Indian Communist party, and the Union Party. The Constituent Assembly had its first meeting in December 1946. After ensuing negotiations, the draft of the Indian Constitution was accepted in November 1950. After the enforcement of CA, CA was converted into Provisional Parliament. It was amended many times and is also known as the longest constitution with 396 articles and 10 schedules.
Major features of the Indian Constitution:
- Lengthiest Constitution in the World: The Indian Constitution is considered to be the lengthiest and bulkiest constitution of the world. It encompasses 395 articles, 22 articles, and 12 appendixes containing schedules. It is also the most amended constitution of the world.
- Parliamentary form: India adopts a Parliamentary form of government resting executive powers in the hands of the council of ministers as enshrined in article 74.
- Multi-sourced Constitution: The Indian Constitution has been made from various sources from other constitutions. For instance, Directive Principles adopted in India have been taken from the Irish Constitution, Cabinet form of Government from British Constitution, and Fundamental Rights from American Constitution, etc.
- Federal State: The Indian Constitution adopted a Federal state with unitary bias.
- Independent Judiciary: Constitution of India enshrines an Independent and unbiased Judiciary.
- Directive Principles of State Policy: the DPSP is not enforceable but holds a moral obligation for the state to follow the principles while making new laws.
Significance of National Law Day:
To be able to understand the tireless and rigorous contribution of frame makers, to commemorate the struggles that were present at the point in time while the Constituent Assembly was making our constitution to bring uniformity in diversity, is the objective of National Law Day. The children, students, lawyers, lawmakers, professors together acknowledge the importance that the constitution of India holds.
It gives us a code of law, procedural laws, structure, powers, and duties of different bodies of Government and provides guidance and fundamental responsibilities of a citizen towards his nation. It is evidence of our freedom struggle and tenacity to become an independent nation with our laws.
Also, Read About- National Pollution Day
How do People observe National Law Day?
Reciting Indian Constitution and Learn about its Core Principles:
People celebrate National Law Day by reading about the Indian Constitution. In schools and colleges, the Indian Constitution is an integral part of the syllabus. In higher education, colleges organize mock parliamentary debates that give valuable insight into the working of parliament and enhance skills in the debating field. People have the liberty of thought and expression, to profess any religion, and equality in opportunity. While making the draft of the constitution, B R Ambedkar sought the possible problems of the near future, which is why in his speech on January 26th, 1950 stated to never style for dictatorship and rose to governmental policies.
Reading about BR Ambedkar:
The second crucial thing to do to commemorate this day is to read up about who BR Ambedkar was. Known as the chief architect of the Constitution of India, he worked enthusiastically and tirelessly for the betterment of society. His scholarly works and speeches are famous and preached worldwide. Reading up about his life and history would give you an insight into the honorable name.
Organize Events and Actively Participate in Competitions:
Make sure to actively participate in the organization of events in schools, colleges, or social groups. This enables to spread awareness about the significance of the Indian Constitution, and more people come to know about the core values and principles. So, participate in debate, writing competitions, or give speeches. Embody the importance within yourself and understand the history of your nation a little better.
Reading the Preamble:
Last but not least, reciting of Preamble is done in colleges, schools, governmental organizations, in courts to celebrate this day.
National Law School 2021:
Amidst pandemic, it would not be possible to organize events, functions, or competitions in school or colleges. But the organization of talks, webinars on constitutional principles can be scheduled while ensuring everyone follows the guidelines of COVID-19.