- 1 When is National Unity Day
- 2 National Unity Day 2021 ( Rashtriya Ekta Diwas)
- 3 National Unity Day 2021 Theme and Pledge of Unity Day
When is National Unity Day
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National Unity Day 2021 ( Rashtriya Ekta Diwas)
(Rashtriya Ekta Diwas) National Unity Day is celebrated in India on 31st October to commemorate Late Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, one of the most prominent figures in our freedom struggle.
National Unity Day India or Rashtriya Ekta Diwas is celebrated each year in India since 2014 to celebrate the life of Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel, who is also known as the Iron Man of India and was the man behind the unification of India to form a country out of a cluster of princely states. It is fair to say that Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel played a pivotal role in the independence of our country and led the unification movement of India. He was also the First Deputy Prime Minister and Home Minister of India.
National Unity Day is aimed at promoting the values of our preamble, and the Home Ministry has made it official that its objective is to provide an opportunity for reaffirming the inherent strength and resilience of our nation to stand against threats (actual and potential) to the unity, integrity and security of this nation. The day is meant to instil a sense of belonging to the nation in the hearts of every citizen of India. Unity Day is celebrated every year with a different theme. Each theme focuses on improving and promoting the values of our constitution while keeping in mind the relevance of that theme to the present generation.
The values and ideologies of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel are also reflected in the recent Aatma Nirbhar Bharat Abhiyan launched by the Government of India in 2020. The day is based on Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel’s massive success in uniting India by bringing together 565 different princely states scattered all over India. He prevented a newly independent state of India from Balkanisation (a process of splitting up a nation or state into different fragments like the situation in the Balkan area of Europe during WWI), which could have caused a lot of trouble for the Indian administration in the years after independence.
National Unity Day 2021 Theme and Pledge of Unity Day
National Unity Day 2021 does not have any theme until now, but the Government of India has dedicated a different theme every year. The theme for National Unity Day 2016 was “Integration of India”.
In 2019, Unity Day was celebrated with the theme “To bring the nation together, united in times of strife and rising extremism”. In 2020, the theme was, “Unity in diversity is better than unity in similarities”. Every year the National Unity Day is observed by reciting the Unity Pledge.
I solemnly pledge that I dedicate myself to preserve the unity, integrity and security of the nation and also strive hard to spread the message among my fellow countrymen. I take this pledge in the spirit of the unification of my country, which was made successful by the vision and actions of Sardar Vallabhai Patel. I also solemnly resolve to make my own contribution to ensure the internal security of my own country.
How is Unity Day Celebrated
National Unity Day India is celebrated every year on 31st October by dedicating the day to the work of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel and organizing a variety of different events and many military shows happening across India. Unity Day is commemorated by organising the Run For Unity (nationwide marathon) to spread awareness about the need for unity in our country. It also involves many famous sports persons, military officials and celebrities joining in.
This day is also celebrated in different schools by organizing events for students like the National Unity Day essay competition, Acts/skits which show the importance of unity in our country or showcasing the crucial contributions of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel through interactive quizzes, presentations, showing the film ‘Sardar’ to all the students.
The Rashtriya Ekta Diwas Parade is organized on Unity Day at Kevadia, Gujarat, and the event is attended by the Prime Minister on the Statue of Unity. The government also established the technology demonstration site in Kevadia, where the military showcases new technology.
The National Unity Day 2018 was celebrated with the establishment of the Statue of Unity. The Statue of Unity is the world’s tallest statue. The Statue of Unity is a humongous statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel. It was inaugurated by the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 31st October 2018 as a tribute to him. The National Unity Day is a symbol of unity amongst Indians. It is celebrated across the country with similar themes, events and programs occurring in schools, universities and offices.
Why is Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel Significant in Indian History?
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel is known as the iron man of India and also considered the Bismarck (he is regarded as a critical figure in the unification of Germany) of India for his efforts to unite India. He was a crucial figure in the independence of India and was given the title of ‘Sardar’ by Mahatma Gandhi and was called ‘Sardar’ by women while he was leading the Bardoli Satyagraha.
He was a vital member of the Indian National Congress and presided over the Indian National Congress Session of Karachi in 1931. He was also considered better-suited for the post of Congress president than Nehru by many INC members. A lawyer by profession, he also shared the same dream of making India’s educational facilities better like Abul Kalam Azad. One of his best abilities was his oration skills, and the control he had over any crowd was genuinely remarkable.
He is considered the founder of modern Indian Civil Services and a pioneer in the effort to boycott the use of British goods throughout the struggle for independence. Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the leading barrister in criminal law at the Ahmedabad Bar. He was heavily influenced by Mahatma Gandhi and the concept of Satyagraha. However, he disagreed with Gandhi’s moral convictions and ideals. He also regarded Gandhi’s emphasis on their universal application as inapt to the state of Indian politics and the struggle for independence.
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the Deputy Prime Minister, Home Minister, Minister of Information and the Minister of States in the years after independence. He is remembered as one of the most skilled freedom fighters of the time, and his popularity sits upon his achievement of the peaceful unification of our country and his ability to control the crowds.
How to Increase Unity in India?
National Unity Day should be commemorated with the idea of strengthening the unity of Indians and the integrity of our nation. We should strive together to achieve this goal and consolidate India against the attacks on its unity, integrity, and sovereignty.
- The process of increasing unity across India should be carried out by the parents. Every household should try to teach the kids values of unity in diversity and acceptance of differences. This will be the first step in increasing the unity of our country.
Society, along with parents, should focus on developing feelings of patriotism and belongingness to the country and its values. Importance should be given to developing a child with noble thoughts.
- India’s educational institutes should emphasize developing the values of unity among its students and all of its members. The educational institutions should also ensure that activities that involve matters of discrimination or activities that are detrimental to the unity among students.
The events in the past few years that saw some frantic efforts by the politicians to enrage the youth against each other have made everyone aware of the need to strengthen our country’s unity.
- Any person gets to know the value of something after he/she experiences life without its presence. In the same way, people need to realize that unity in India has been brought about by a very long freedom struggle and the efforts of many freedom fighters.
To make everyone realize the importance of unity in India, they should be aware of the conditions in pre-independence India. The policy of Divide and Rule enacted by the British teach us the importance of unity in protection against exploitation and discrimination.
- The disputes between different states in India should not involve harmful steps that could disturb the relations between them. The states should implement better bureaucratic methods to solve the conflicts, such as the Son-Rihand dispute should be solved through peaceful methods without taking any harsh steps from any side.
Unity among different states is as essential as the unity between citizens in any federal system, and India is no exception to this. National unity is strengthened with stronger ties among the different states and peaceful solutions to any dispute.
- Every citizen in India must think of themselves as Indians and not Gujaratis or Bengalis, or Tamilian. This way, people will develop an emotional attachment to the unity of India and its sovereignty.
Everyone should promote noble and peaceful ideas among their peers and strive for integrity and think of everyone equally. The end of discrimination and prejudice should strengthen unity among us to a great extent.
- National Unity Day 2021 should be celebrated in every household and promoted by all to show that every one of us is behind this mission to protect our nation’s unity, integrity, and sovereignty.
Unity Day should be commemorated by spreading awareness about the need for a united front in desperate times.
Threats to Unity in India:
The unity in India is challenged by many, and there are still many existing threats that can prove to be detrimental.
- Threats from foreign countries over border disputes. Countries like Pakistan and China have always tried to cause problems to the unity of our country, and this is done over border disputes.
The Pakistani and Chinese government have tried their best to cause political instability in Kashmir and instigate violence among youth.
- Terrorism has been a significant factor in causing division among the people of unity. Increasing terrorism has also increased islamophobic ideas among the people of India.
Terrorism has caused both physical and emotional damage to its victims and everyone witnessing these activities. The increase in the flow of information among the people of India has resulted in more people getting to know about anything that happens, and politicians often use terrorist activities to put out hateful comments that target a particular community.
- Communalism is a severe issue in our country. Communalist activities have caused trouble for the law enforcement in India since the independence of this country and still is a significant problem in India.
Communal violence has been on the rise in the past few years and affected many people across the country. Communalism has proven to be malignant for the unity of our country and hasn’t come to an end yet.
- There is also an argument over languages due to a large number of different languages in India and making Hindi the official language was not accepted widely in South India, but now the issue has been resolved.
National Unity Day is celebrated across India to celebrate its existence as a unified state with a constitution that accepts everyone and gives each citizen equal rights. The day marks the birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, who had a significant role in the unification of India.
The day is based on spreading awareness about the need for unity, and its importance in India. Many events occur in different parts of the country and at the Statue of Unity. Unity in diversity is a driving principle of Indian politics, society, and governance and helps our country achieve stability. Happy National Unity Day 2021.